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His full name was Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso. He was named after people in his family and other special people.

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso was born on 25th October 1881 in Malaga, Spain.

Are you named after a family member or someone special?

Picasso’s mum said his first word was ‘piz’, short for ‘lapiz’, the Spanish word for pencil.

Picasso’s father, Jose Ruiz Blaso, was also a painter who was very good at painting birds.

In 1904, Picasso permanently settled in Paris.

Picasso’s Early Life

Picasso went to a special art school.

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Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler (1910)

Ma Jolie (1912)

Weeping Woman (1937)

Picasso developed a new style of art called Cubism. Cubism is a style of art which uses cubes and other 3D shapes to create a whole picture. Here are some examples of Picasso’s cubist paintings.


The Old Guitarist (1903)

Woman with Helmet of Hair (1904)

How do these paintings make you feel? How do you think Picasso was feeling when he painted them?

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During different times of his life, Picasso’s paintings look different. Some of his paintings come from a time known as his ‘Blue Period’. This was a time when Picasso felt very sad. He found it difficult to mix with his friends and spent a lot of time alone. These paintings were very serious and mostly done in dark blues and greens.

Different Styles

One of Picasso’s most famous works of art is Guernica, which was painted in 1937. This painting is really big, 3.5 metres tall and 7.8 metres wide. It took Picasso a month to paint.


As well as painting, Picasso made sculptures, wrote poetry and worked with pottery.

Other Mediums

Picasso had four children.

Picasso married his second wife Jacqueline Roque in 1961. They were married until Picasso’s death in 1973.

His first wife was a Russian ballet dancer called Olga Khokhlova. They were married until Olga died in 1955.

Picasso was married twice.

Other Facts About Picasso