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That art movement started in the late 19th century in France.It sought to capture the fleeting moments of everyday life and the effects of light on color.Impressionist artists used loose brushstrokes and bright, vibrant colors to create their works.


Impressionism was developed by Claude Monet and other Paris-based artists from the early 1860s. (Though the process of painting on the spot can be said to have been pioneered in Britain by John Constable in around 1813–17 through his desire to paint nature in a realistic way).

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Instead, as the name suggests, the Impressionists sought to obtain on canvas “an impression” of how a landscape, thing or person appeared to them at a certain moment. The Impressionists also rejected official exhibitions and painting competitions established by the French government, instead organizing their own collective exhibitions, To which the public was initially very hostile. All these moves predicted the emergence of modern art and the entire associated philosophy of the avant-garde.


Instead of painting in a studio, the Impressionists discovered that they could capture the momentary, transitory effects of sunlight by working quickly, in front of their subjects, in the open air (en plein air) rather than in a studio. This led to a greater awareness of light and color and the changing pattern of the natural scene. The brushwork became rapid and broken into separate touches to render the floating quality of the light.

The movement was named after the French critic Louis Leroy, whose hostile review of the first major Impressionist exhibition of 1874, captured the title of Claude Monet's 1873 painting Impression, Sunrise. Leroy accused the group of painting nothing more than impressions . The Impressionists liked the nickname, although in later decades they also referred to themselves as the "Independents", referring to the subversive principles of the Société des Artistes Indépendants, formed in 1884 by Impressionist painters who wanted to break away from academic artistic conventions.

Impressionism originated from some themes already present in romantic culture, taking them to their extreme consequences:


01. -the denial of the intrinsic value of the subject

02. - the exaltation of plein air painting

03. -the interest in the rendering of color rather than in the defined and completed design

04. -the celebration of the artist as a brilliant creator and rebel against social conventions

05. -the discovery of subjectivity



Degas was known for his paintings of ballet dancers and everyday life in Paris.He was interested in capturing the movement and energy of his subjects

Key Artists of Impressionism:


Claude Monet

Edgar Degas

Monet was a master of capturing the effects of light and color in his work.His paintings often depicted scenes of gardens, landscapes, and water.

Auguste Renoir

Renoir was known for his portraits and scenes of leisure, such as picnics and parties.His paintings often depicted happy, carefree moments in vibrant colors.



Claude Monet was a French painter and one of the founders of the Impressionist movement in the late 19th century. He was born on November 14, 1840 in Paris, France, and spent much of his life painting in the French countryside, particularly in Giverny, where he created his famous water lily series.Monet struggled financially early in his career, but eventually found success and recognition for his innovative use of color and light in his paintings. He was known for his ability to capture the fleeting effects of natural light and atmosphere in his paintings, often depicting scenes of everyday life and landscapes.


In his personal life, Monet faced several difficulties, including the deaths of his first wife and son, as well as struggles with depression and health problems later in life. Despite these challenges, he continued to paint prolifically and create some of his most iconic works.Monet's paintings are now considered masterpieces of the Impressionist movement and his influence on the art world is still felt today. He died on December 5, 1926 in Giverny.

painting technique

Monet's painting technique relied on the use of fast, loose brushstrokes, often applied directly to the canvas without much preparation or finishing.One of the most distinctive aspects of Monet's technique was his study of the effect of light and color on nature. He often used the "plein air" technique, painting in the open air to best capture changes in light and atmosphere. Additionally, Monet was known for his bold use of color creating bright and vibrant works through layering of complementary and contrasting hues.

Today, "Bain à la Grenouillère" is housed in the National Gallery in London, where it is considered a highlight of the museum's Impressionist collection.

Is a painting by the French Impressionist artist Claude Monet, created in 1869. The painting depicts a popular recreational spot on the Seine River near Bougival, a town west of Paris. La Grenouillère was a floating café and boating establishment, known for attracting fashionable Parisians looking to escape the city and enjoy leisure activities on the water.

'Bain à la Grenouillère'

It depicts a scene of leisure and relaxation, with several figures, including a woman and a child, lounging in a shallow body of water surrounded by lush greenery. The figures are depicted in a soft, dreamy light, exuding a sense of tranquility and peace. The painting captures the essence of a carefree summer day, with the gentle ripples of the water and the dappled sunlight filtering through the trees adding to the overall sense of serenity. Monet's skillful use of color and light creates a rich and vibrant composition, inviting the viewer to immerse themselves in the scene and experience a moment of pure joy and contentment.

'Bain à la Grenouillère'