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Transcript

WORLD WAR 1

THE END!

Mar 8, 1917 – June 16, 1923 Russian Revolution

May 7, 1915 Sinking of the Lusitania

Jan 17, 1917 Zimmermann Telegram

Apr 6, 1917 United States Enters World War I

Apr 13, 1917 - 1919 Committee on Public Information

Sep 26 1918 - Nov 11 1918 Meuse-Argonne Offensive

Nov 11, 1918 Armistice Day

Jul 28, 1917 War Industries Board

Jan 8, 1918 Wilson's Fourteen Points Speech

Jun 15, 1917 Espionage Act

May 18, 1917 Selective Service Act

May 16, 1918 Sedition Act

Jun 28 1919 Treaty of Versailles

Mar 11, 1918 Influenza Pandemic and its Impact on U.S. Troops

Jan 10, 1920 Formation of the League of Nations

This is the day when Congress finally declared war on Germany as a result of all the preceding events. While the US had originally pledged neutrality, with the increase of pressure and unrestricted attacks, they were left with no choice but to enter.

This revolution was the ending of the Romanov dynasty and Russian imperial rule. The bolsheviks, later known as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, seized power from the czarist rule. After this event, they entered the war, which ended up being a terrible idea for the Russians, because of its small army.

This was a telegram from the German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to the Mexican government proposing an alliance between the two if the US entered the war. This alliance would include Japan and its goal would be to Mexican states lost to the US during the Mexican-American War. However, this message was intercepted and decoded by the British. Once the American public learned about this, they were furhter influenced to join the war.

The Lusitania was a British cruise liner that was sunk by the a German submarine while it was traveling from New York to Liverpool. This incident was one of the reasons that the US entered the war as it helped form a negative opinion towards Germany. The sinking was seen as the turning point from a peaceful to aggressive approach towards the war.

This committee was created under the Wilson Administration influence the public to support the US in the war. It was an independent agency of the government that released an abundant amount of propaganda.

This act allowed the Federal Government to forcefully enlist people into the military in order to expand it. It was made compulsory for all men between the age of 21 and 45 to enlist, even to this day men have selective service numbers if there were ever an event to occur where they would be forced to serve.

The espionage act prohibited the recording, phorpgraping, or copying of any information that had the potential to hurt the United States or be advantageous to any foreign nation. It also included any false information that would obstruct military efforts, and this act has been amended numerous times.

This board was created to mediate the purchasing of war supplies between the US War Department and the US Navy. One of the reasons this department was created was to avoid conflicts within the government regarding coercion, it was created under Bernard Baruch and it oversaw multiple war supply exchanges such as raw materials.

This was the final allied offence (through the American Expeditionary Forces) that brought WWI to and end and included over a million soldiers. It was fought for three months until the Armistice of November 11, 1918. The main goal of this operation was to cut of German supply lines.

This act closely followed the espionage act and states that printing, uttering, or publishing any false information about the government was a crime. This law as specifically made for the Democratic-Republics who catered primarily to new citizens. This raised questions about the freedom of speech and faced criticism from civil rights advocates.

One of the first cases was reported at Fort Riley, which house such a large amount of people that they were bound to have unsanitary conditions, creating the perfect opportunity for a quick spread of the disease. 522 men had been admitted to the hospital within a week because of the influenza virus. This virus greatly impacted the size of the US military and caused more deaths than the actual weapons used during war.

This speech was addressed to the Congress by President Wilson in 1918 and included 14 points that would help achieve world peace. Infact, nearing the end of WW1 these 14 points were taken into consideration and used as the basis for peace negotiations.

​Armistice Day is also commonly referred to as Remembrance Day and Veterans Day in the US. It was signed in PIcardy, France and its main goal is to commemorate the end of WW1. This is the reason for a moment of silence at 11am every morning.

​This treaty was signed outside the Palace of Versailles and officially ended the 5 year long war of WW1. The treaty states that Germany would take responsibility for all of the war consequences.

Forty-one members states came together in Geneva, Switzerland, this represented about 70% of the world's population. The League of Nations main goal was to maintain world peace, this was originally mentioned in Wilson's 14 point plan.