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Text Evidence




Lesson standards






What will our lesson look like?

Success Criteria

  • Identify at least two examples of text evidence in "The Joy Luck Club" that support specific claims or ideas.
  • Analyze the effectiveness of each text evidence in conveying meaning.
  • Evaluate the impact of text evidence on their understanding of the novel

Learning Intention

Today, we will delve into the text evidence from The Joy Luck Club to deepen our understanding of the characters, themes, and literary devices used by the author, Amy Tan.

Language Objective

I will be able to effectively communicate my understanding of text evidence by using appropriate academic language, including precise vocabulary and sentence structures.

Do Now:

  • Read the following quote from "The Joy Luck Club".
  • How does this quote reflect one of the themes in The Joy Luck Club?

Any time you explain something about a text, you need to cite, or point out, text evidence to support your ideas, analysis, evaluation, or response to a question. Text evidence may be a word, phrase, sentence, or paragraph that leads you to make an inference or draw a conclusion. When you cite text evidence, someone else can reference that particular part of a text you read and understand how you came to your inferences or conclusions. When you make inferences while analyzing or evaluating a text, you use the text and your own background knowledge to make inferences about what is not directly stated by the author. When you explain these inferences to another person or in your writing, it is important that you use text evidence to show how and why you analyzed or evaluated the text in the way that you did.*Watch Study Sync Video


information gained from personal experience and prior reading



to use as a source of information to understand something


an idea formed by combining text evidence and one’s own reasoning and background knowledge


the act of making a judgment or decision about something


to quote as evidence to support a response

background knowledge

inferences and conclusions drawn from the text; detailed examination


details from the text that a reader can use to support his or her ideas and opinions about the text

text evidence

Directions: Review the Checklist for Text Evidence below. Then read the Skill Model to examine how one student used the checklist to support analysis of The Joy Luck Club. As you read, identify the question from the checklist the student used for each annotation.Checklist for Text EvidenceIn order to identify text evidence to support your response, note the following:

  • the inference/claim/statement you are making about the text
  • details from the text that will convince others to accept your inference/claim/statement
Cite accurate and relevant text evidence and include commentary to support your response, using the following questions as a guide:
  • What is the interpretation, or inference/claim/statement, that I am making about the text?
  • What text evidence am I using to support this interpretation?
  • Am I quoting the evidence from the text appropriately?
  • Does my interpretation depend on only one word or phrase? If so, have I interpreted the overall meaning correctly? Or have I taken the word or phrase out of context and misrepresented its meaning?
  • Am I using relevant text evidence? Does my text evidence logically relate to my interpretation?
    • Watch StudySync Video


The mother wants her daughter to succeed when she says “you can be prodigy” and “best anything.” I think she is competing with Auntie Lindo to have the best daughter when she says, “Her daughter, she is only best tricky.”

Citing text evidence will help you support your interpretation of, or ideas about, a text. Using relevant text evidence to explain your interpretation will help you and others understand your reasoning for making an inference, claim, or statement about a text.Let’s look at how one reader cites text evidence to support her analysis of The Joy Luck Club:

Skill Model

The background the narrator gives about her mother explains a great deal. The mother has made a new start in America, and to make up for her losses, she is pinning all of her hopes on her daughter’s potential success.

The reader makes an inference about the mother wanting her daughter to be a prodigy not only because she wants her daughter to succeed in America, but also in order to show that Auntie Lindo’s daughter is nothing special. As evidence, the reader highlights what the narrator says the mother believes and the mother’s comments about Auntie Lindo and her daughter. The mother’s comments support the reader’s claim by suggesting that Auntie Lindo’s daughter is only best at one thing, whereas the mother wants to convince her daughter that she can be best at anything.As she continues reading the excerpt from The Joy Luck Club, the reader looks for additional evidence to support her initial inference and claim:

Skill Model

Here the reader highlights additional text evidence that supports her previous interpretation. She understands that the mother’s tragic losses in China have fueled her determination to prove that life is better in America. Inferring from the evidence in the last sentence, the reader makes the claim that the mother’s hopes for things to get better are centered on the daughter’s potential success as a prodigy. As the reader continues to read the story, she will look for additional text evidence to support her inferences and claims about the mother and possibly find other text evidence to support new inferences.

Skill Model