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Physical Activity

  • Explain how physical activity can be incorporated into daily life without special exercise equipment.
  • Describe ways to increase daily physical activity and decrease inactivity.
  • Explain the short- and long-term benefits of moderate and vigorous physical activity including improving mood, self-esteem, attention, cognitive performance, cardiovascular health, strength, endurance, flexibility, and reducing risks for chronic diseases.


Physical activity refers to any bodily movement that requires the contraction of muscles and expends energy. It encompasses a wide range of activities, from simple actions like walking and stretching to more intense exercises like running, swimming, and weightlifting.

Physical activity can be structured, such as working out with equipment, or unstructured, like playing sports or going for walk.

Physical Activity

Includes activities such as jumping or running, at least 3 days per week.

Aerobic activity:

Includes activities like climbing or doing push-ups, at least 3 days per week.

You should be getting 60 minutes or more of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity each day.

Most of the daily 60 minutes should include activities like walking, running, or anything that makes your heart beat faster.

Daily amount of physical activity

Regular activity can improve the quality and duration of sleep.

Better Sleep:
Stress Reduction:

Physical activity has been linked to improved brain health, including bettermemory, focus, and problem-solving skills.

Exercise triggers the release of chemicals in your brain, whichare used to make you happy.

Physical activity is a great way to improve your mood! Exercise helps with:

Physical Activity and Mood