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Florida had been occupied by Spain since the 1500's. Slaves from Georgia and North Carolina would often ran away to Florida. General Andrew Jackson invaded Florida as he was after a group of Seminoles Indians. The United States demanded Spain cede Florida after Spain had done nothing to control the Seminoles.

Florida Cession

Florida Cession

  • Adams - Onis Treaty (1819)
  • U.S Paid $5 million for damages
  • Cede: to give up or surrender

The admission of Texas into the United States caued tensions with Mexico. Mexico claimed the Texas border at the Nueces River while the United States claimed it to be the Rio Grande. President Polk accused Mexico of killing U.S citizens in this disputed terrority. This caused the Mexican American War. After about 2 years of fighting both agreed to sign a treaty. The treaty was the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

Mexican Cession

Mexican Cession reading

  • Cession: giving up or surrending something (such as land), often as a result of war

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These colonies were the first states. They fought through the American Revolution.

Original 13 Colonies(States)

  • Virginia
  • New York
  • New Hampshire
  • Massachusetts
  • Maryland
  • Connecticut
  • Rhode Island

  • Delaware
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • New Jersey
  • Pennsylvania
  • Georgia

Original 13 Colonies reading

This piece of land was needed to complete a southern transcontinental Railroad. The land allowed for the railroad to bypass the Rocky Mountains. It was purchased from Mexico who needed money after the Mexican American War. The United States paid $10 million.

Gadsden Purchase

Gadsden Purchase reading

After the events of the Texas Revolution, Texas won their independence from Mexico. Texas then becomes a independ country and is a country for 10 years. They try many times to become a part of the United States, but because of the slavery issue are not accepted. Texas is not annexated into the United States until 1845 becoming the 28th state.

Texas Annexation

Texas Annexation reading

  • Annexation: to add a region to a country or state, to take control of a territory or place

States created in the area.

American Revolution

Treaty of Paris 1783

Treaty of Paris reading

The United States gained this land with the signing of the Treaty of Paris 1783. Part of this area was first off limits because of the Proclamation of 1763.

  • Ohio
  • Minnesota
  • Michigan
  • Wisconisn
  • Illinois
  • Kentucky
  • Tennessee
  • Mississippi
  • Alabama

This terrority was claim by both the United States and England. In 1818 they agreed to share control. First only mountain men explored the land looking for furs, but gradually more and more settlers for the U.S moved in. James K Polk ran for president on the promise of gaining the Oregon terrority. He was willing to fight for it. Britain in no mood to fight agreed to a compromise. The border would be settled at the 49th parrell.

Oregon Country

Oregon Country reading

  • #54-40' or Fight

Thomas Jefferson bought this land from Napoleon. Napolean needed money to conitue paying for a war. Thomas Jefferson went against his believes on the interpretation of the Constitution.

Louisiana Purchase

Louisiana Purchase

  • Doubled the sizes of the United States
  • Cost 15 million dollars
  • Was bought in 1803

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