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Dr Nazanin shahrokniassociate professor of international studiessimon fraser universitynazanin_shahrokni@sfu.ca

depleted households:Domesticating economic Sanctions

Iran Under Sanctions
Source: https://www.rethinkingiran.com/iran-under-sanctions
Bringing sanctions studies into dialogue with austerity studies through a feminist lens


This project draws on 10 unstructured and 52 semi-structured interviews with educated women from middle-class households in Tehran, who were invited to reflect on the ways their lives adjusted between 2015-2021. Both sets of interviews, incorporated opportunities for follow ups to further explore information provided by the interviewees or allow them to elaborate where necessary.

The gender gap no one's talking about

Depleted households

Triple burden & time poverty deplete energies & exhausts bodies. Due to Austerity measures implemented by the State, resources for replenishment have been reduced or privatized.

Physical/Mental Fatigue

This scarcity of discretionary time

Time is a resource that is unevenly distributed

Time poverty

- home as a site of production & reproduction- increase unpaid work- increase care work

Triple Labor

“Once I went to buy pickles, I noticed that for 15 small pickled cucumbers I had to pay 25,000 tomans. I bought three kilos of cucumber instead, made the pickles myself and managed to give a few jars to my friends and relatives as well. It made me proud, because I saved a lot of money. I even joked with my husband that, if people really like my pickles, maybe I can start a home business, turning my kitchen into a production line.”

Narges, 36 year old, "housewife"

"Restaurants have become very pricey. So to entertain the kids, sometimes, I pretend to be Colonel Sanders and make fried chicken for the family!"

Negar, 44 year old, teacher