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Jessica Poirier for DAC

World AIDS Day Dec. 1st

stigmatization of hiv/aids patients

The actual experience of discrimination
Internal feeling of shame associated with the fear of being discriminalized
Prejudiced or biased behavior towards someone or something
Negative attitude towards someone or something
External stigma
Internal stigma

A few definitions

Forms of stigma

For instance:

Institutionalized stigma:- barred from obtaining particular jobs- not receiving adequate healthcarePublic stigma:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zX91VwsEMAQ Stigma-by-association:- feeling of embarrassment from caregivers of HIV/AIDS patientsSelf-stigma:- negative self-image and shame- non-adherence to ARTs- hopelessness and depression

Choice B

People who seek ways to prevent transmission (eg: PreEP) have inappropriate lifestyles

Choice A

Only certain people or a certain group of people can get HIV

Choice C

What's an example of HIV stigma?

Both A and B


HIV/AIDS is seen as a "pandemic of the poor" and disproportionally affects people of color, LGBTQ+ communities

The stigma continues

Prior misconceptions about HIV/AIDS continues the spread and persistence of the stigma


AIDS gains more popularity in the media at a time when there was no treatment for itLack of understanding and knowledge about HIV/AIDS leads to stigma

The 1980s

Where did HIV stigma come from?

  • Members of communities that society has associated with HIV:- MSM- polyamorous or "high-risk" sexual behavior
HIV positive children

Who does HIV stigma and discrimination affect?

1/7 people with HIV are unaware of their status

A few stats

Isolation and divisionWithdrawing from support services or declining to ask for help

The impact of stigma

- avoiding to get tested for HIV- avoiding to pursue treatment for HIV- avoiding disclosure of HIV status

  • Non-discriminatory policies
  • Confidentiality
  • Universal precautions
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis
  • HIV transmission
  • Activities to address stigma
  • Counseling on safer practices
  • Awareness of language on PLWH/A
  • Partnering with schools to educate on HIV/AIDS
  • Ongoing learning and possible discussion with PLWH/A
  • HIV testing
  • DO NOT provide PreEP, but connect people to PreEP providers
  • Helps individuals with HIV find housing


Resources for patients


https://www.slideshare.net/munawar256/hiv-stigma-amp-discrimination-2-12827491https://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://hivcareconnect.com/wp-content/uploads/Stigma-Powerpoint-2-21-20.pdf https://rabinmartin.com/insights/we-wont-end-the-hiv-epidemic-until-we-help-the-most-vulnerable/?gclid=CjwKCAiA9ourBhAVEiwA3L5RFmqvrGg85ugxzcSjStRfovXEOr9GTH9PaWcHVeBMVv7VjCSTIWTr7hoCT04QAvD_BwEhttps://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/hiv-stigma/index.htmlhttps://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pdf/statistics/mmp/cdc-hiv-internalized-stigma.pdfhttps://www.canapi.org/

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