Want to make creations as awesome as this one?


Sci-Fi Movie Genre Analysis

Steampunk:Space Opera:


Post-Apocalyptic:Alien Invasion:

Cyberpunk:Time Travel:

Sci-Fi Subgenres:

Sci-Fi Romance

Sci-Fi Comedy

Sci-Fi Action

Sci-Fi Horror

Sci-Fi Thriller

Hybrid Genres:

MyTutor. 2023. What is genre theory? | MyTutor. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.mytutor.co.uk/answers/36718/A-Level/Media-Studies/What-is-genre-theory/. [Accessed 17 November 2023].

YouTube video explanation

Genre Theory

Genre Theory is an analysis created by Steve Neale about how we define a genre and how we would categorise it based on it's codes and conventions. When we categorise a movie into it's genre, it's often judged on the characters, setting, plot and in some cases, the technical aspects like camera shots, cinematography and editing style.


  • Futuristic City
  • Spaceships
  • Space Planets
  • Parallel Universes ("multiverse")
  • Dystopian Land


  • Saving the world from an invasion
  • Exploration of a common threat (e.g. Global Warming)
  • End of the world
  • Development of new tech/species and the dangers of it


  • Holograms
  • Shuttles/Rockets
  • Laser Guns
  • Time Machines
  • High Tech Suit


  • Aliens
  • Robots
  • Scientists/Researchers
  • Mutants
  • AI (Artificial Intelligence
  • Hero

Here is a list of what you'd expect to see in a Sci-Fi movie.

Codes and Conventions: