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Curriculum Change Plan

Mechanical Engineering


  • Introduction

  • Research

  • Philosophy

  • Standards

  • Approaches

  • Resources

  • Timeline

  • Conclusion

  • References

Grades 7-8




Curriculum Change Plan

5 Components of Master Teachers

Ensuring the 5 components of STEM Master Teachers are included in professional development is paramount!



Curriculum Change Plan

To learn through interactions and experience is most helpful for adolescents studying engineering.


*Websites and activities like the ones below represent great interactive learning opportunities.

Interactive Simulator



Curriculum Change Plan

Interactive Simulator

An initial survey will highlight learner interests and help them develop design process abilities.

*This method uses learner interests to help them develop professional engineering skills.

Ed Puzzle Video



Curriculum Change Plan

*Multiple Intelligence philosphies can be great for incoroporating in non-traditional subject areas to produce unique products.

Howard Gardener proposed that students can display intelligence in 8 different ways.

Areas of Intelligence

Interest Survey


Science & Technology

Curriculum Change Plan

*Core standards selected throughout the course were able to be universally applied to all elective and core content topics, as well.

TEKS - Texas Essential Knowledge and Skill Standards

ISTE - International Society for Technology Education

Core TechnologyStandard

Core Science Standard


Math & Engineering

Curriculum Change Plan

CC - Common Core State Standards

Core EngineeringStandard

Core MathStandard

NGSS - Next Generation Science Standards

*Core standards selected throughout the course were able to be universally applied to all elective and core content topics, as well.


Bloom's Taxonomy

Curriculum Change Plan

*Bloom's Taxonomy classifies learning into several classifications of gradually increasing levels.

Assessments and activities will be measured within the cognitive domain of Bloom's Taxonomy.


Using higher level cognitive learning tasks will dominate units and lessons in the mechanical engineering curriculum.

Level of ThinkingVerbsKnowledgeidentify, specify, stateComprehensionexplain, restate, translate, traceApplicationapply, solve, use, connect, relateAnalysisanalyze, contrast, compare, illustrateSynthesisdesign, develop, plan, compose, compileEvaluateassess, evaluate, judge, distinguishCreatecompose, compile, design



Curriculum Change Plan

Design Thinking revolves around solving problems from a user’s humanistic perspective.

3 Phases of Design Thinking

*Cycles of documentation, reflection, and collaboration will be paramount to emphasize as Design Thinking is integrated.

5 Steps ofDesign Thinking

  1. Immersion
  2. Ideation
  3. Implementation



Curriculum Change Plan


Grade 8 Science

Lead4ward is an online digital resource that provides an overview of Texas TEKS in every subject.

Lead4ward also provides a scaffolded framework of vertically aligned standards for all content areas.

Grade 7 Math


Teach Engineering

Curriculum Change Plan

Teach Engineering is a website resource that centers on providing engineering related curriculum.

Experiential learning is central to innovative middle school engineering education. This resource facilitates these kinds of lessons.


Curriculum Change Plan




Grading Periods 1-2

1) Lego Competition & Robotic Design

2) Physics Stations & Principles

Curriculum Change Plan


Grading Periods 3-4

3) Sphero & Vehicle Mechanics

4) Skimmers, Forces, Motion & Energy



Curriculum Change Plan


Grading Periods 5-6



5) Civil Engineering Principles

6) Underwater Drone Mechanics


Curriculum Change Plan


Curriculum Change Plan


  • Common Core State Standards Initiative. (2021). Grade 7» Ratios & Proportional Relationships | Common Core State Standards Initiative. Www.thecorestandards.org. https://www.thecorestandards.org/Math/Content/7/RP/#CCSS.Math.Content.7.RP.A.3
  • Funderstanding. (2011). Roller Coaster Game | Fun Learning | Simulation | Funderstanding: Education, Curriculum and Learning Resources. Funderstanding.com. https://www.funderstanding.com/educators/coaster/
  • Gordon, W. R., Oliva, P. F., & Taylor, R. (2019). Developing the curriculum. Pearson.
  • Hite, R., & Milbourne, J. (2018). A Proposed Conceptual Framework for K–12 STEM Master Teacher (STEMMaTe) Development. Education Sciences, 8(4), 218. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8040218


Curriculum Change Plan

  • International Society for Technology in Education. (2023). 1. Students. ISTE. https://iste.org/standards/students https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci8040218
  • International Society for Technology in Education. (2023). 1. Students. ISTE. https://iste.org/standards/students
  • Lead4ward. (2019). TEKS Snapshot -Grade 8 Science (Streamlined Standards) Process Standards (Scientific Investigation and Reasoning Skills). https://resources.finalsite.net/images/v1542229576/altoesc7net/mbfbyayqz7txogbqm28r/teks_snapshot_science_gr_08.pdfNGSS. (2020). MS-ETS1-4 Engineering Design | Next Generation Science Standards. Nextgenscience.org. https://www.nextgenscience.org/pe/ms-ets1-4-engineering-design
  • NGSS. (2020). MS-ETS1-4 Engineering Design | Next Generation Science Standards. Nextgenscience.org. https://www.nextgenscience.org/pe/ms-ets1-4-engineering-design
  • University of Colorado Boulder. (2019a). Digital Library Home Page. Teach Engineering; College of Engineering & Applied Sciences. https://www.teachengineering.org/

This standard capitalizes on specific engineering design processes.

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Core Engineering Standard

Engineering Standard Details

Engineering – NGSS (MS-ETS1-4): Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

This standard centers on all scientific investigation process elements.

Texas Essential Knowledge & Skills (TEKS)

Core Science Standard

Science Standard Details

Science – TEKS 8.2(e): Analyze data to formulate reasonable explanations, communicate valid conclusions supported by the data, and predict trends.

This was added to highlight the concept of proportional reasoning that aligns well with all content areas horizontally.

Common Core (CC)

Core Math Standard

Math Standard Details

Math – CC (7.RP.A.3): Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems.

Ideally, this standard provides avenues for learners to creatively share what they have learned.

International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE)

Core Technology Standard

Technology Standard Details

Technology – ISTE (1.6c): Students communicate complex ideas clearly and effectively by creating or using a variety of digital objects such as visualizations, models or simulations.

Improving how teachers hone their capabilities starts at effectively structuring their formal professional development program.One resource highlights 5 strategic levels of development for STEM instructors:

STEM Master Teachers

Article Link

  • Scholastic Effectiveness
  • Institutional Knowledge & Memory
  • Adaptability/Flexibility
  • Emergent Leadership
  • Strategic Leadership

Making mechanical engineering education available to middle school learners requires a plan for curriculum change that involves innovation, experiential learning, and creativity.This plan facilitates Instructional approaches rooted in learner interests, career skill development, and mentorship.These components combined will produce a strong and productive program for adoslescent learners.

Change Plan Summary

Jerry Knight STEM Academy's (JKSA) current Mechanical Engineering course must be better aligned to help students who will explore Career & Technical Education (CTE) pathways at higher levels.Specifically, preparing learners for future engineering careers and courses is the core emphasis surrounding this curriculum change plan.

Need for Curriculum Change

  • Linguistic: word smart
  • Logical-Mathematical: logic smart
  • Spacial: picture smart
  • Bodily-kinesthetic: body smart
  • Musical: music smart
  • Interpersonal: self smart
  • Intrapersonal: people smart
  • Naturalist: nature smart

8 Areas of Intelligence

Involving learners in real-world and relevant problem and project-based learning tasks are ideal for using the design thinking framework.

5 Steps of Design Thinking

  • Immersion
    • Step 1: empathize
    • Step 2: define
  • Ideation
    • Step 3: ideation
  • Implementation
    • Step 4: prototype
    • Step 5: testing