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Colour Wheel

13. Advancing and Receding

12. Achromatic

11. Polychromatic


9. Triadic

8. Contrasting

7. nEar Complementary

6. Split complementary




2.Hues, Tints and SHades

1.Colour Wheel


The Secondary colours sit equally spaced between the primary colours since they require two of the primary colours to be mixed.

To construct the wheel, place the 3 primary colors 'Red, Yellow and Blue' and make sure they are positioned equal distance apart every fourth segment

Colour Wheel

The Colour wheel is made up of 12 colour segments: Red, Red-Violet, Violet, Blue-Violet, Blue, Blue-Green, Green, Yellow-Green. Yellow, Yellow Orange and Orange

Hues, Tints, Tones and Shades

Hue: This is the colour at pure spectrum strength. Its the colour in it's purest form.Tints: This is any spectrum colour lightened to any degree by the additio of white.Tone: This is the Spectrum colour darkened to any degree by the addition of GreyShades: This is the spectrum colour darkened to anydegree by the addition of Black


  • The use of a hue, tint tone and shade of one particular colour, for example, blue, light blue, slate-grey and navy.
  • Different effects can be given by using the hues, tints and shades within the one colour.

Analogous Colours

  • The use of up to four colours which lie next to eachother on the colour wheel, using only one primary colour, e.g. yellow, yellow-orange, orange and red-orange.


  • The use of 2 colours which lie directly opposite each other on the colour wheel, e.g. red and green, yellow and violet. For impact, both colours are used at full chroma strength.

Split Complementary

  • This colour harmony is created by using a selected colour and both of the colours that lie next to its true complementary colour. Again, a more subtle look can be created with the use of tints, tones and shades

Near Complementary

  • This is the use of a selected colour and one of the two colours which lie next to its true complementary colour, e.g. red and yellow- green.


  • The use of 2 out of the 3 colours that have no 'genetic links' e.g. red, blue and yellow.
  • This particular colour harmony creates impact but for a softer look, tints, tones and shades can be used.


  • The use of 3 colours which are equally distanced apart on the colour wheel(every fourth segment).
  • For a softer look, tints, tones and shades can be used.


  • The use of 4 colours which are equally distant from eachother on the colour wheel. For example, yellow, red-orange, violet and blue-green.


  • The use of many colours taken from the Colour Wheel using hues, tints, tones and shades. Red, Yellow, Violet Orange and Blue, for instance.


  • Black, Grey, white, beige, stone and green can be considered to be neutral when selecting colour harmonies.


  • These are colours from yellow-green to red, which give the feeling of warmth. The colours stand out and move towards you.


  • These are colours, which go from red-violet through to green to give the feel of coolness
  • Receding and advancing colours are often used to contrast against the venue's actual temperature to create an oppposite effect.