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9th grade theology

Friday August 18th

Introduction to Theology
Do you know?

Any missing assignments



Did You Know? August 18th




Christology and Old Testament

Welcome to 9th Grade Theology

Defintion of Religion is A religion is a set of beliefs that is held by a group of people that is reflected in a world view and in expected beliefs and actions (which are often ritualized).Definition of Theology is the study of God and religious truth.The difference between the two: religion deals with the cultural system of worship and Theology deals with study of God as a divine being.

Stop & put on your 3D Glasses now!

Stop & put on your 3D Glasses now!

Stop & put on your 3D Glasses now!

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  • Founder: Abraham
  • Founding: 2000 BCE
  • Scared Writing: The Torah
  • Symbol: Star of David

Key People:

  • Moses: Led the Exodus out of Egypt for the promised land
  • Rabbis: spiritual leaders and teachers of Judaism

  • Place of Worship: Synagogue
  • Services often held on Shabbat

Important concepts:

  • Monotheism: Belief in one God
  • Covenant: special agreement between God and Abraham
  • 2nd Covenant - The 10 Commandments

  • Founder: Unknown
  • Founding: Unknown but traced to about between 2300-1500 BCE in the Indus River Valley
  • Leaders: a Pujari is a Hindu priest
  • Traditionally from the Brahmin varna
  • Worship takes place at home or in a Mandir (temple)

Sacred Writings:

  • Vedas: ancient scriptures of Hinduism
  • Rigveda: oldest of the 4 Vedas
  • Upanishads: ending portion of the Vedas that explain its main tenets

Important Concepts:

  • Samsara: cycle of life, death, & reincarnation (rebirth of the soul)
  • Karma: universal law of cause and effect

  • Atman: An individual soul
  • Brahman: Eternal, universal spirit
  • Moksha: Liberation from desire and suffering
  • Dharma: Virtuous, appropriate behavior
  • Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha)
  • Founding: Between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE


  • Monks and nuns
  • Place of worship: Temples, shrines, & monasteries

  • Initially ideas were spread orally
  • Tipitaka – the “triple basket” collection of sacred texts
  • Sutras – records of the Buddha’s oral teachings

Important Concepts:

  • 4 Noble Truths: Buddha’s most important teachings

  • The Eightfold Path: the way to end suffering and reach nirvana/ enlightenment
  • Nirvana: enlightenment and the end of the cycle of suffering
  • Confucianism – named for followers of the philosopher Confucius, lived from 551 to 479 BCE
  • Focused on social harmony and filial piety (respect for your parents & ancestors)
  • The Golden Rule: “Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you.”
  • Education is an important concept of Confucianism
  • Living in harmony with nature
  • Wu wei – effortless action
  • The Three Treasures: compassion, frugality, and humility
  • Indigenous religion to Japan
  • Traced back to about 300 BCE
  • Polytheistic with millions of kami that are worshipped
  • Leaders: priests known as kannushi who oversee shrines
  • Humans are good and evil spirits can be kept away through rituals & offerings
  • Founder: Guru Nanak and succeeding gurus
  • Founding: around 1500 CE
  • Sacred Writing: Guru Granth Sahib

Important Concepts:

  • Faith in one creator and service to humanity
  • Equality of all humankind
  • Meditation to defeat the 5 Thieves

  • Founder: Jesus Christ
  • Founding: between 30-300 CE
  • Sacred Writing: the Bible, including the Old and New Testament
  • Place of Worship: churches and cathedrals
  • Leaders: Jesus’ 12 Apostles helped spread his message
  • Today includes the Pope for Roman Catholics, clergy & priests

Important Concepts:

  • Monotheism – 1 God who created the heavens & earth
  • Jesus is the son of God

Important Concepts:

  • The 10 Commandments are central to both Judaism & Christianity

  • Founder: the Prophet Muhammad
  • Founding: 613-622 CE
  • Scared Writing: The Quran
  • Leaders: Ulama are religious scholars
  • Worship takes place in mosques
  • The Kaaba shrine in Mecca is another important holy site

Important Concepts:

  • Two main branches: Sunni and Shia

Important Concepts:

  • The 5 Pillars: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Fasting, & Pilgrimage

Let's start our encounter with our Theology Year with the Peanuts Gang

“Welcome to 9th Grade Theology! We are going to embark on a journey this year into the fascinating world of Christoloy and Old Testament. I thought we could rely on the help of the Peanuts gang and our upcoming experiences."

"God's love is like the universe—limitless, vast, and infinite. Just as the stars shine their light unconditionally, His love surrounds us, guiding and embracing us every step of the way."

“First, we have Snoopy, our imaginative and faithful beagle. Snoopy will remind us of the importance of prayer and contemplation. Just as Snoopy finds peace atop of his doghouse, we too can find solace in prayer and reflection as we explore our relationship with God.”

Next ,we have Lucy,outspoken and assertive friend. Lucy will remind us to question, challenge and engage in meaningful discussion about our faith. Our Catholic faith will invite us to examine our beliefs, seek understanding and deepen our relationship with God.”

“Next, we have Linus, our wise and philosophical friend who cares his security blanket everywhere. Linus will remind us of the importance of faith and trust in God. Jut as Linus finds comfort in his security blanket, we too can find comfort and strength in our faith during challenging times.”


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“Next, we have Sally,my little sister. Sally is strong for her sense of justice. Sally will remind us to explore our Catholic social justice teachings as we engage in acts of charity and service this year. We are called to live out lives of promoting our faith through justice compassion and the well-being of others.”

“Next, we have Peppermint Patty, our energetic and enthusiastic friend. Peppermint Patty will remind us to approach each day with joy, enthusiasm and sense of wonder. Just as she dives headfirst into sports and new experiences we will dive into our richness of Catholic teachings and traditions.”

“Now let’s welcome Schroeder, our talented and music loving friend. Schroeder will remind us the beauty of liturgy and worship. Just as Schroeder finds joy and inspiration in playing the piano, we too will find spiritual nourishment through the sacred music and rituals of the mass we have together.”

“ Next, we have Marcie, a kind and thoughtful friend who is always eager to learn. Marcie will remind us of the importance of studying scripture and the teachings of the Church. We will dive into the word of God and learn from the wisdom passed down through generations.”

“Lastly, we have Franklin, a friendly open-minded friend. Franklin will remind us of the Catholic Church’s call to embrace diversity and unity. Catholic Theology teaches us to respect and appreciate the unique gifts and perspectives that each person brings to the family of believers.”