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Respiratory System

Dragging game! created by Group 3: Myra, Olivia, zhi qian, Shruthika, Sharon,kristina,Dvisha& Buthina

start

The upper respiratory tract, can refer to the parts of the respiratory system lying outside of the thorax. The larynx is also called the voice box and has the associated cartilage that produces sound. The tract consists of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, the pharynx (nasopharynx, oropharynxand laryngopharynx) and sometimes includes the larynx.Lower respiratory tract (within thorax):• Trachea• Bronchial Tree• Lungs

The upper respiratory tract

Mouth

Nose

Let's visualize

The Lower respitory tract

Bronchi&bronchioles

Diaphragm

Lungs

Trachea & Larynx

Let's visualize

The lower respiratory tract is divided into the conducting zone and the respiratory zone.The conducting zone includes the trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles, which conduct air into the lungs.The respiratory zone includes the respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, and alveoli, where gas exchange occurs.The lungs are protected inside the thoracic cage and are responsible for gas exchange between the air we breathe and our bodies.It conducts air from the upper respiratory tract to the lungs for gas exchange.

Respiratory systemEscape Room

start

Test 1

Test 2

Test 3

Test 4

Test 5

Tests

Complete each test to beat the game: there is no other way to escape!

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit, mauris suspendisse praesent nascetur massa molestie est magna, luctus lacinia nunc ridiculus netus nostra. Dictum accumsan sollicitudin praesent morbi sem mollis quis neque volutpat.

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This is large open space inside the nose and where air comes in when we breathe.

Cilia

Nasal cavity

Test 1

You're doing great. Next question:What is the funtion of septum?

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Separate the nasal cavity from mouth

Separate the right and left nostrils

Open or drain into nose

Test 1

You're almost there.When you breathe in the air, it enters from the nostrils down to which organs?

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Brain

Lungs

Trachea

Esophagus

Test 1

Test 1

Test 2

Test 3

Test 4

Final Test

Tests

Complete each test to beat the game: there is no other way to escape!

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit, mauris suspendisse praesent nascetur massa molestie est magna, luctus lacinia nunc ridiculus netus nostra. Dictum accumsan sollicitudin praesent morbi sem mollis quis neque volutpat.

As you age, does your lungs hold more or less air?

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More

Less

Test 2

Lung Capacity and volume decrease with age as the lung lose elasticity

Here's a true or false question about the size of the lungs during inhalation:The lungs expand to about 10 times their resting size during a deep inhalation.

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false

true

Test 2

You are about to get it:which image shows healthy cartilage in the trachea?

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Test 2

Test 1

Test 2

Test 3

Test 4

Test 5

Tests

Complete each test to beat the game: there is no other way to escape!

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit, mauris suspendisse praesent nascetur massa molestie est magna, luctus lacinia nunc ridiculus netus nostra. Dictum accumsan sollicitudin praesent morbi sem mollis quis neque volutpat.

Drag and sort correctlyRespiratory pathway

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1

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continue

Solución

Solution

Nasal Cavity

Pharynx

Larynx

Trachea

Bronchi

Test 3

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continuE

Drag concepts to the corresponding groupLower Respiratory System & Upper Respiratory System

Lower Respiratory System

Upper Respiratory System

Secondary (Lobar) Bronchi

Nasopharynx

Oropharynx

Solución

Laryngopharynx

Trachea

SOLUTION

Primary Bronchi

Test 3

Nasal Cavity

External Nares (Nostrils)

Tertiary (Segmental) Bronchi

Bronchioles

Alveoli

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Test 3

Test 1

Test 2

Test 3

Test 4

Test 5

Tests

Complete each test to beat the game: there is no other way to escape!

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit, mauris suspendisse praesent nascetur massa molestie est magna, luctus lacinia nunc ridiculus netus nostra. Dictum accumsan sollicitudin praesent morbi sem mollis quis neque volutpat.

1/3

Test 4

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Test 4

3/3

Test 4

Test 1

Test 2

Test 3

Test 4

Final test

Tests

Complete each test to beat the game: there is no other way to escape!

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit, mauris suspendisse praesent nascetur massa molestie est magna, luctus lacinia nunc ridiculus netus nostra. Dictum accumsan sollicitudin praesent morbi sem mollis quis neque volutpat.

What physiological mechanism allows oxygen to move from alveoli into the blood?

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Active transportation

Simple diffusion

Osmosis

Test 5

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True

False

Pay attention to this image:This condition is caused by fat buildup in the alveoli.

Test 5

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You're almost there!Which of the following images shows secondary bronchi?

Test 5

Completed

Congratulations, you have successfully completed the escape room!

Start over?

Here's the summary of our game !

back

That answer is not correct...

But don't lose your balance, continue on your way and try again!

Oh oh!

All about the nose function

Nose - warms and humidify air • Palatine bone separates nasal cavity from mouth. Cleft palate - Palatine bone does not form correctly, difficulty in swallowing and speaking. • Septum - separates right and left nostrils • Sinuses - air containing spaces – open or drain into nose - (lowers weight of skull)

Upper respiratory

External Nares (Nostrils)Nasal CavityNasopharynxOropharynxLaryngopharynx

Lower respiratory

LarynxTrachea (Windpipe)Primary BronchiSecondary (Lobar) BronchiTertiary (Segmental) Bronchi BronchiolesAlveoli

Inhaling O2 rich air: air travels down trachea and bronchi to bronchioles and alveoli. Exhaling CO2 rich air: air travels from bronchioles and alveoli up through the bronchi and trachea.

the trachea & Larynx

The larynx is located in the anterior part of the throat and extends from the base of the tongue to the trachea. It plays an essential role in all upper airway functions, including respiration, phonation, cough reflex, swallowing, and vomiting.Trachea (windpipe)• Tubular organ made of rings of cartilage and smooth muscle• Lined with cells possessing cilia• Larynx to bronchi• Consists of smooth cartilage and C shaped rings of cartilageIn the trachea, or windpipe, there are tracheal cartilages• Cartilage is strong but flexible tissue• The tracheal cartilages help support the trachea whilestill allowing it to move and flex during breathing

Among healthy adults, the average lung capacity is about 6 liters

the lungs

Lungs: • Right lung has three lobes, and the left lung has two lobes • The membranes surrounding the lungs is called the pleura Pleura • Thin, double-layered serosa • Parietal pleura lines the thoracic cavity and visceral pleura covers external lung surface • Parietal pleura: outer • Visceral pleura: inner • Pleural cavity: between pleura, prevents friction

+ Info

The diaphragm contracts during inhalation, expanding the thoracic cavity and drawing air into the lungs. It relaxes during exhalation, allowing the elastic recoil of the lungs to force air out.

Muscular contractions of the diaphragm

Nasal Cavity

Pharynx

Larynx

Trachea

Bronchi

the insides of the lungs

Bronchi:• Tubes that branch off trachea and enter into lungs • Ciliated • Branches: Primary bronchi—secondary bronchi—tertiary bronchi—bronchioles • Bronchioles branch into microscopic alveolar ducts. Terminate into alveolar sacs • Gas exchange with blood occurs in sacsThe outer layer is made of Cartilage• The cartilage does not form a complete ring• This allows some flexibility• The Bronchioles tend to be narrower and have less cartilage than the bronchi. Their walls are mainly made up of smooth muscle and elastic fibers, though they still have a lining of ciliated epithelium.Alveoli are tiny air sacs at the end of the bronchioles and are surrounded by a network of capillariesOxygen diffuses through the walls of the alveoli and enters the capillaries* An average adult has about 600 million alveoli, giving a total surface area of about 100m², so the area is huge

the mouth& throath

Pharynx - (throat) • 3 divisions: a) Nasopharynx - behind nose to soft palateb) Oropharynx - behind mouth, soft palate to hyoid bonec) Laryngopharynx – behind larynx

pharynx is a 13 cm tube