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Creating Value Using Shadows and Highlights in Art


Chiaroscuro is an artistic technique that uses strong contrasts between light and dark to create volume, depth, and dramatic effect in a two-dimensional artwork. Developed during the Renaissance and widely used by artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Caravaggio, and Rembrandt, chiaroscuro relies on the interplay of light and shadow to define forms and evoke a sense of three-dimensionality.

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, commonly known as Caravaggio, was an Italian Baroque painter born in Milan in 1571. He is renowned for his revolutionary use of chiaroscuro and dramatic realism, which had a profound influence on subsequent generations of artists. He died in 1610 at the age of 38 under mysterious circumstances while fleeing from justice. Despite his short life, Caravaggio's artistic legacy endures, and his works continue to captivate viewers with their intensity, beauty, and psychological depth.

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) was a polymath of the Italian Renaissance, born on April 15, 1452, in Vinci, Italy. Renowned as one of the greatest geniuses in history, da Vinci excelled in various fields, including painting, anatomy, engineering, and invention. Da Vinci's artistic genius is evident in masterpieces such as the "Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper," where he pioneered techniques in perspective, light, and shadow that transformed the art world.

Modern Art Using Chiaroscuro

Art without lots of Value (Light-Dark Tones)

No Shadow vs Shadow

Turn a circle into a sphere along with me by adding value.

Engineering drawings are detailed and precise graphical representations used to communicate design and technical information in various fields of engineering. These drawings serve as a visual language that conveys the dimensions, specifications, materials, and assembly instructions necessary for the fabrication, construction, or maintenance of engineered systems, components, structures, or products. Engineering drawings typically include orthographic projections, isometric views, sectional views, dimensions, annotations, symbols, and notes, all of which are standardized to ensure clarity, accuracy, and consistency.


Line art refers to any artwork or illustration composed primarily of lines, without the use of color or shading. It is characterized by its simplicity and emphasis on the delineation of form through the use of lines alone. Line art can range from simple sketches and outlines to intricate and detailed drawings, with the lines varying in thickness, direction, and style to convey different textures, shapes, and emotions. Common examples of line art include pen and ink drawings, woodcuts, engravings, and digital illustrations created using vector graphics software.

Optical Illusion Art

Optical illusion art, also known as visual illusion art, is a genre of artwork that employs various techniques to create images that deceive the viewer's perception or trick the eye into seeing something that isn't actually there. These illusions can manifest in a variety of ways, including distortion of perspective, manipulation of color and contrast, and the use of geometric patterns or ambiguous figures. Optical illusion art often plays with concepts of depth, movement, and spatial relationships, challenging the viewer's visual perception and cognitive processes.

Hatching and Cross-Hatching


Architecture is the art and science of designing and constructing buildings and other physical structures that serve functional, aesthetic, and cultural purposes.

A shape is a two-dimensional outline or area defined by its boundaries, such as a circle, square, triangle, or any other form with distinct edges or contours.

A form is a three-dimensional object with volume and depth, distinguished by its physical structure and shape in space.

Organic shapes are irregular and flowing forms that resemble shapes found in nature, such as leaves, clouds, or organisms. They lack strict geometric definitions and often have soft, curved edges.

Organic Shapes

Organic vs. Geometric Shapes

Organic Shapes

Geometric Shapes

What shapes do you see?

Piet Mondrian

Piet Mondrian's art is defined by his pioneering contributions to abstract art, particularly through his development of neoplasticism, also known as De Stijl. Mondrian's works are characterized by geometric abstraction, with compositions consisting of horizontal and vertical lines intersecting at right angles to form a grid-like structure. He utilized primary colors (red, blue, and yellow) along with black, white, and gray, applied in flat, pure areas of color.

Georgia O'Keeffe

Georgia O'Keeffe was an influential American artist known for her groundbreaking contributions to modern art and her iconic depictions of flowers, landscapes, and abstract forms.O'Keeffe's artistic vision extended beyond floral subjects to include landscapes, bones, shells, and abstract forms. She was deeply inspired by the rugged beauty of the American Southwest, where she lived and worked for much of her life.

Shape to Form

Can you see shapes within each 3D shape?

Monster Mash: New Sketch-Based Modeling and Annimation App

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