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ODS 16


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Pobandar, October 2, 1869-New Delhi, January 30, 1948)


He was the most prominent leader of the Indian independence movement against the British Raj - for which he practiced non-violent civil disobedience - as well as an Indian Hindu pacifist, politician, thinker and lawyer. He received the honorific name of Mahatma from Rabindranath Tagore (composition in Sanskrit and Hindi of mahā: "great" and ātmā: "soul")

During his struggle, Gandhi was a political prisoner on several occasions, and resorted to the hunger strike as a fighting mechanism. Over time he became the great global inspiration for non-violent movements for civil rights and social, economic and political change.

While leading nationwide campaigns to alleviate poverty, expand women's rights, create religious and ethnic harmony, and eliminate the injustices of the caste system, Gandhi supremely applied the principles of nonviolent civil disobedience to liberate India of foreign dominion.

There is no path to peace, peace is the path.” With this historic phrase, Mahatma Gandhi stated one of his greatest values ​​and for which he is still remembered today: you can fight for ideals without ever resorting to violence, for any reason and from any aspect.

Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace Prize, although he was nominated five times between 1937 and 1948. Decades later, however, the Committee that administers the Nobel Prize declared the injustice of such an omission, which it attributed to the divided nationalist sentiments that They denied such an award to Gandhi.