Want to make creations as awesome as this one?



By Cristina Reina, Juan Luis, Milagros, Christina Raquel, Ahileen and David



Rules of hockey

Begginning and hockey history


1. Begginning and hockey history

Hockey is a team sport where players use a stick to hit a ball or puck into the opponent's goal. It is played on different surfaces, leading to various versions of the sport. Hockey requires physical skills, coordination, speed, and strategy, promoting teamwork, agility, and physical endurance.

What is hockey about?

In pre-Christian times, in countries such as Egypt, Arabia, Persia or Greece, games with characteristics close to hockey were already played, where a large stick and a ball were used. A game more similar to current hockey was Checua, played by the Araucanian Indians of Argentina in the 17th century. In the 19th century, a game closer to modern hockey was already played in England, and the first hockey club was founded. , Blackheath Football and Hockey Club, in London, in 1861. In the 1880s this sport became firmly established and also began to be practiced by women with great popularity. On March 6, 1875, an indoor game was played for the first time in the city of Montreal, and in 1877 several students from McGill University decided to write the first ice hockey regulations. In 1908, hockey was established in the Olympic Games, but it was not until 1924 when the Federación Internacionale Hockey (FIH) was created and founded. Throughout the 20th century, professional hockey developed and began to gain international relevance through world tournaments, dominated by Canada and the Soviet Union. The sport achieved notable popularity throughout Canada and great international expansion.

Beginning, History and development

Types of hockey

Similar to hockey, played on a flat indoor court. Players use light, curved sticks to control a perforated ball and score goals in the opposing team's net.


Played on a surface similar to ice hockey, but with roller skates. Players use a disc or ball and curved sticks to score.

Roller hockey

Played on a grass field, with players using curved sticks to control and move a ball. Common in the Olympics and played in teams of 11 players.

Field hockey

Played on an ice rink with skates. Players use a small disc (puck) and sticks to score goals in the opposing team's net.

Ice hockey

Ice hockey is one of the four most-watched sports in the United States, and many people around the world watch the United States-based National Hockey League. In 2015, there were more than 2,000 ice rinks in the United States alone (United States, 2008). There are currently 32 teams participating in the NHL, 25 in the United States and 7 in Canada. As of spring 2014, the United States has won 16 medals (gold, silver and bronze) in total. The United States now has more youth hockey players than all other countries, excluding Canada. Women's ice hockey continues to grow in the United States. . The Premier Hockey Federation (PHF), founded in 2015 as the National Women's Hockey League, was the first in North America to pay a salary to its players, and at its founding featured four northeast teams, following the dissolution of The Canadian Women's Hockey League in 2019, hundreds of prominent players, including several American Olympians, founded the Professional Women's Hockey Players Association - In addition, hockey generates a lot of income that helps the United States economy.

Ice Hocey in the States: impact on the country, the role of women on hockey...

Skate To Where The Puck Is Going To Be

Hockey idioms

When hockey players are about to fight they first drop their gloves. It’s a declaration of intent, a signal that you want to fight.

Drop The Gloves

Whatever the context, this phrase is a good reminder that the world changes. If you’re always chasing, and never anticipating, you’ll find it hard to achieve much of anything.

Keep Your Head Up

In hockey as well as life, to only focus on one thing. In hockey this means looking down at the puck while you skate, and doing has disastrous consequences.

2. Rules of hockey

Each team has 5 field players and a goalkeeper. All players carry sticks, except goalkeepers. The goalkeeper can touch the ball with his hand inside the area, the goalkeeper can be replaced by a field player, thus having 6 field players and he cannot have the ball in his hands for more than 3 seconds. The match begins with a confrontation in the center of the field, substitutions can be made at any time without limit.Matches consist of 3 periods of 20 minutes, with a 10-minute break between them. The duration may vary depending on the category.The playing time can be stopped time (stopping time on throw-ins, fouls, penalties, etc.) or running time (without stopping time).The goalkeeper cannot have the ball in his hands for more than 3 seconds.The ball can be hit with any part of the body except the head and hands (except the goalkeeper). If a blow is made with the foot, the next one must be with the stick. You can't play without a track. It is allowed to put the stick in the goal zone.It's not allowed enter the goalkeeper's small area, move the goal to avoid the goal, place the stick between the opponent's legs, jump to control the ball or control the ball without having both feet inside the field.

Main rules of UNIHOCKEY

Stick grip: Dominant hand below 20 cm from the other, both hands always gripping the stick.Basic position: Legs and trunk semi-flexed, stick in front of the body.Driving: Use the tip of the paddle on both sides to direct the stick in front of the body.Stop or reception: Cushion the ball with the central part of the racket, placing it perpendicular to the ground.Pass: Contact the ball with the central part of the racket by dragging, not hitting. The direction is set by the tip of the stick.Throw: Similar to the pass but with more force.Push: Combine reception and pass continuously, accompanying the movement of the ball backwards and then forwards, keeping the stick glued to the ground.Flick: High pass introducing the blade at an oblique angle between the ground and the ball.Feint or dribble: Abrupt change of direction and direction to deceive the opponent in a one-on-one situation.

Technical aspects of hockey or skills/drills

A competitive floorball match is officially played in three periods of 20 minutes each. Time stops for penalties, goals, timeouts and any situation where the ball is not considered in play. Between each period there is a ten-minute intermission, where the teams change fields and substitutions areas. Each team is allowed a 30-second timeout, which is often used at the end of games. There are two referees to supervise the game, each with equal authority.

Refereeing and categories

This typically includes a helmet, shoulder pads/chest protector, elbow pads, mouth guard, protective gloves, heavily padded shorts, an athletic "athlete" protector, shin guards, and a neck protector. Goalies wear masks and much bulkier specialized equipment designed to protect them from many direct puck hits.

Equipment or gear that you need to play hockey

The playing field must be rectangular measuring 40 meters long (with a minimum of 36 meters) by 20 meters wide (with a minimum of 18 meters) and closed by a 50 cm high fence to prevent escape. . . the ball and the game are continuous, and the corners have to be rounded. The lines of the playing field must be 4-5 cm thick and must be perfectly visible. The goals must be located at the ends of the field, their dimensions must be 160cm wide, 115cm high and 65cm deep. The goal area must be rectangular, measure 4mx5m and must be 2.85 from the baseline. Within the goal area we find the goalkeeper's area, also rectangular, measuring 1mx2.5m and must be marked 0.65 from the rear line of the goal area. In both the goal area and the goalkeeper's area, the lines are included in the measurements that define them. As for the replacement zone, it will be 10 meters long on one side of the playing field and will be marked 5 meters from the center line. The control table and the bench for those sent off will be located on the opposite side of the substitution area.

Hockey rink/field/pitch


Spanish-speaking athletes:Carla Rebecchi (Argentina)María José Granatto (Argentina)Rocío Sánchez Moccia (Argentina)Xavi Lleonart (Spain)Santi Freixa (Spain)Non-Spanish speakers athletes:Eva de Goede (Netherlands)Lidewij Welten (Netherlands)Florian Fuchs (Germany)Moritz Fürste (Germany)Maartje Paumen (Netherlands)

Most important Spanish-speakers and non Spanish-speakers clubs and athletes

Most important championships

Spanish-speakers clubs:Villa de Madrid Country Club (Spain)Royal Polo Club of Barcelona (Spain)Club Egara (Spain)Club Atlético San Fernando (Argentina)Club Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina)Non-Hispanic speakers clubs:HC Bloemendaal (Netherlands)Oranje-Rood (Netherlands)Rot-Weiss Cologne (Germany)HC Rotterdam (Netherlands)HC Uhlenhorster (Germany)

1. Ice Hockey World Cup (International) 2. Ice Hockey World Championship (International) 3. IIHF Continental Cup (Europe) 4. National Ice Hockey League (LNHH ) - Copa del Rey (Spain) 5 NHL - Stanley Cup (North America) 6. Spanish Ice Hockey League (Europe).











Thank you for reading!